Networking cables, also called UTP cables or internet cables, are cables with eight different cores. These cables are usually used for data communication. If you have a plug in your laptop or PC for the internet, this is probably also a UTP cable.
To understand the differences between a Cat5 and Cat5e cable, it is necessary to have some knowledge of data transfer. The two most important things to understand are the throughput (Mbit / s) and data (MHz). As long as the frequency of both cables is the same, the throughput speed in Mbit / s will indicate which cable is faster. The more Mbit / s, the faster the cable is.
The difference between Cat5 and Cat5e is that the Cat5e has a higher throughput speed of 1,000 Mbit / s. Also called Gbit / s. This is 10 times faster than the throughput speed of a Cat5 cable.
When in doubt about either choosing a Cat5 or Cat5e cable, we can advise you to go for the Cat5e cable. The reason for this is that Cat5e cables are also "backwards compatible". This means that you can always upgrade a network that is wired with Cat5 with Cat5e. All systems that work with a Cat5 cable therefore also work with a Cat5e cable.
Cat 5 cables: a short history
Since 1985, nine different versions of the UTP cable have been released. Starting with Cat1 and lastly the Cat8. Cat1 is therefore the oldest and least developed version.
In 1991 the Cat5 cable was introduced as the procedeer of the Cat3 cable. It wasn't until 2001 that the Cat5e cable appeared as an upgraded version of the cat5.
Over time, a newer version has emerged that has technically better features compared to its predecessor. The biggest difference is that a Cat1 cable can only send 2 Mbit / s, whereas the newest cable, the Cat8, has a capacity of 40,000 Mbit / s. That is an increasement of 20,000 times!
How do you connect a cat5 or cat5e cable?
A UTP cable consists of a cable, containing eight different cores. A standardized protocol of signals runs on this, in order to ensure data transfer. This cable can easily be connected to a so-called RJ45 connector. This is a plastic plug where you pressing the wires and then with a special plier clamping the wires. It is very important that you place the wires in the correct order. This order is as follows:
White/orange – orange –white/green – blue – white/blue – green – white/brown – brown